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Most kids get it itchy rashes at one time or another, but eczema can be a nuisance that may prompt scratching that can only make the problem worse. The term eczema refers to a number of different skin conditions in which the skin is red and irritated and occasionally results in small, fluid-filled bumps that become moist and ooze.
Signs and symptoms of eczema can vary widely. Between 2 and 6 months or age kids with eczema usually develop itchy, dry, red skin and small bumps on their cheeks, forehead or scalp. As the child gets older the rash may spread to the arms, legs or trunk and red, crusted, or open lesions may appear on any area affected. They may also experience circular, slightly raised, itchy and scaly rashes in the bends of the elbows, behind the knees or in the backs of the wrists and ankles. http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/skin/pages/Eczema.aspx
Many scientists believe that eczema is inherited which means there is no way to totally prevent it. However, because specific triggers can make it worse, flare-ups can be prevented or improved by avoiding possible triggers such as:
Topical corticosteroids, also called cortisone or steroid creams or ointments are commonly used to treat eczema. Your doctor should be the one to prescribe this type of treatment. These medicines are usually applied directly to the affected areas twice a day. Your doctor may also prescribe oral antihistamines.
You can help treat eczema by keeping your child’s skin from becoming dry and itchy and avoiding known triggers that cause flare-ups. Try to follow these suggestions:
If the rash is severe and not responding to home treatment, if the rash spreads, or there is any evidence of fever or other infection, please contact your pediatrician.
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Academy of Dermatology